Sens. James Inhofe (R-OK) and Mike Johanns (R-NE) introduced a bill March 16 that would require certain EPA regulations to be assessed for their impacts on jobs, economic development, the electric power and domestic refining and petrochemical sectors, and state and local governments. The Comprehensive Assessment of Regulations on the Economy Act (S. 609) would focus on particular regulations, including national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter and ozone; new source performance standards for greenhouse gases covering utilities and refineries; and prevention of significant deterioration preconstruction review permits for greenhouse gases. The measure also targets other EPA efforts, including regulation of coal combustion waste under the Solid Waste Disposal Act and regulation of cooling water intake structures under section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act. On March 3, Inhofe introduced a bill (S. 482) that would prohibit the EPA from regulating greenhouse gas emissions; Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI), who chairs the House Energy and Commerce Committee, introduced the same bill (H.R. 910) in the House.
The Inhofe-Johanns bill would establish a federal committee for assessing the impacts of the regulations. The committee would be led by the Department of Commerce and would include the secretaries of agriculture, energy, defense, and labor, the chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the EPA administrator, and the chief counsel for advocacy of the Small Business Administration.