Algae for Wastewater Treatment
Generally, when we think of algae in water quality context, we think of how nutrients in agricultural runoff, municipal wastewater effluent, and urban stormwater provide the conditions for algae blooms in water bodies. These algal blooms lead to eutrophication and dead zones, causing negative water quality and economic effects.
The same biological processes that lead to water quality problems from nutrient pollution can be harnessed to treat, and recover, nitrogen and phosphorus through production of algae biomass for wastewater bioremediation. Algae can be cultivated and harvested to create biomass that can be transformed into biofuels and bioproducts.